China Professional High Precision Pinion Gear/Steering Gear/Planetary Gear/Differential Gear hypoid bevel gear

Product Description

Our advantage:

*Specialization in CNC formulations of high precision and quality
*Independent quality control department
*Control plan and process flow sheet for each batch
*Quality control in all whole production
*Meeting demands even for very small quantities or single units
*Short delivery times
*Online orders and production progress monitoring
*Excellent price-quality ratio
*Absolute confidentiality
*Various materials (stainless steel, iron, brass, aluminum, titanium, special steels, industrial plastics)
*Manufacturing of complex components of 1 – 1000mm.

Production machine:

Specification Material Hardness
Z13 Steel HRC35-40
Z16 Steel HRC35-40
Z18 Steel HRC35-40
Z20 Steel HRC35-40
Z26 Steel HRC35-40
Z28 Steel HRC35-40
Custom dimensions according to drawings Steel HRC35-40

Production machine:

Inspection equipment :
Gear tester

Application: Motor, Electric Cars, Motorcycle, Machinery, Agricultural Machinery, Car
Hardness: Hardened Tooth Surface
Gear Position: Internal Gear
Manufacturing Method: Rolling Gear
Toothed Portion Shape: Spur Gear
Material: Steel
Customization:
Available

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Customized Request

differential gear

How does a differential gear distribute power between the wheels?

A differential gear is responsible for distributing power between the wheels of a vehicle, allowing them to rotate at different speeds while maintaining torque transfer. Here’s a detailed explanation of how a differential gear accomplishes this:

1. Power Input:

The differential gear receives power from the transmission or driveshaft connected to the engine. This power is transmitted to the differential assembly, which is typically located in the axle housing.

2. Ring and Pinion Gears:

Within the differential assembly, the power from the driveshaft is transferred to the ring and pinion gears. The ring gear is a large gear that surrounds the differential assembly, while the pinion gear is a smaller gear connected to the driveshaft. The interaction between these gears allows the power to be redirected.

3. Side Gears and Spider Gears:

The ring gear is connected to side gears, also known as bevel gears, through a set of small gears called spider gears. The side gears are attached to the axle shafts, which are responsible for transmitting power to the wheels. The spider gears allow the side gears to rotate independently of each other while maintaining torque transfer.

4. Differential Action:

As the vehicle moves, the differential gears enable the wheels to rotate at different speeds during turns. When the vehicle is moving in a straight line, the spider gears rotate smoothly, allowing equal power distribution to both wheels. However, during a turn, the inside wheel travels a shorter distance than the outside wheel, causing them to rotate at different speeds.

5. Speed and Torque Distribution:

The differential gear adjusts the speed and torque distribution between the wheels based on their rotational differences. When the vehicle is turning, the spider gears allow one wheel to rotate faster than the other, ensuring that torque is transferred to the wheel with better traction. This allows the wheels to rotate at different speeds, preventing tire scrubbing and providing smooth cornering.

6. Limited-Slip and Locking Differentials:

In certain differential systems, such as limited-slip differentials or locking differentials, additional mechanisms are incorporated to enhance traction and power distribution. Limited-slip differentials use clutch packs or friction plates to provide a predetermined amount of resistance, allowing some speed differentiation between the wheels while still transferring power. Locking differentials, on the other hand, lock the side gears together, ensuring equal torque distribution to both wheels, regardless of traction conditions.

7. Differential Types:

There are various types of differentials, including open differentials, limited-slip differentials, electronic differentials, torque vectoring differentials, and more. Each type has its own mechanisms and technologies to distribute power between the wheels effectively, depending on the vehicle’s requirements and driving conditions.

In summary, a differential gear distributes power between the wheels by utilizing a system of gears, including ring and pinion gears, side gears, and spider gears. The differential action allows the wheels to rotate at different speeds during turns, ensuring smooth cornering and preventing tire scrubbing. Additional mechanisms, such as limited-slip or locking differentials, can further enhance traction and power distribution in various driving conditions.

differential gear

How do differential gears interact with the suspension system of a vehicle?

Differential gears interact with the suspension system of a vehicle in several ways. Here’s a detailed explanation of their interaction:

  • Power Transmission: The primary function of differential gears is to distribute power from the engine to the wheels. The power is transmitted through the drivetrain, which includes the transmission, driveshaft, and differential gears. The differential gears are located within the rear axle assembly and connect to the wheels via the axle shafts. As the suspension system allows the wheels to move up and down independently, the differential gears accommodate these movements to ensure smooth and consistent power transmission.
  • Wheel Movement: The suspension system of a vehicle allows the wheels to move vertically to absorb road irregularities, bumps, and vibrations. This movement is essential for providing a comfortable ride, maintaining tire contact with the road surface, and improving overall handling and stability. The differential gears must accommodate this wheel movement without hindering power transmission. They are mounted within the axle housing, which is connected to the suspension system, allowing the wheels to move up and down while maintaining their connection to the differential assembly.
  • Drive Axle and Halfshafts: In many vehicles, the differential gears are located within the drive axle assembly, which is an integral part of the suspension system. The drive axle assembly consists of the differential gears, axle housing, and halfshafts (also known as axle shafts). The halfshafts connect the differential gears to the wheel hubs, transmitting power from the differential to the wheels. The suspension system and differential gears work in conjunction to allow the halfshafts to flex and accommodate the vertical movement of the wheels while maintaining power delivery.
  • Torque Steer: Differential gears can also influence torque steer, which is the tendency of the vehicle to pull to one side during acceleration. Torque steer occurs when one wheel receives more torque than the other, causing an imbalance in power delivery and resulting in steering effects. Differential gears, particularly in front-wheel-drive vehicles, help manage torque steer by distributing torque between the front wheels. Advanced differential technologies, such as limited-slip differentials or electronic torque vectoring systems, can further mitigate torque steer and enhance overall vehicle stability.
  • Performance Applications: In high-performance or sport-oriented vehicles, the interaction between differential gears and the suspension system becomes even more critical. The suspension system is usually designed to provide optimal handling characteristics, including minimal body roll, precise cornering, and responsive feedback. Differential gears, particularly limited-slip differentials or electronically controlled differentials, can be specifically tuned to complement the suspension system and maximize traction, stability, and cornering performance. This integration ensures that the power delivered to the wheels is effectively utilized, enhancing the vehicle’s overall dynamic capabilities.

In summary, differential gears interact with the suspension system of a vehicle by accommodating wheel movement, transmitting power while allowing independent wheel motion, connecting to the drive axle and halfshafts, managing torque steer, and optimizing performance in high-performance applications. This interaction ensures smooth power transmission, proper handling, stability, and overall vehicle performance.

differential gear

How do differential gears contribute to handling and stability in vehicles?

Differential gears play a significant role in enhancing the handling and stability of vehicles. Here’s a detailed explanation:

Differential gears contribute to handling and stability in vehicles in several ways:

1. Independent Wheel Rotation:

One of the primary contributions of differential gears is allowing the wheels to rotate independently. During turns, the outer wheel needs to travel a greater distance than the inner wheel. The differential gear enables this speed differentiation, ensuring that each wheel can rotate at a different speed while still receiving power from the engine. This independent wheel rotation enables smoother and more controlled handling during turns.

2. Balanced Power Distribution:

The differential gear distributes torque between the wheels, allowing them to receive power and propel the vehicle forward. By balancing the power distribution, the differential helps maintain stability during acceleration and deceleration. It ensures that both wheels receive an appropriate amount of power, preventing excessive wheel spin or traction loss, which can affect the vehicle’s stability.

3. Enhanced Traction:

Effective traction is crucial for handling and stability. Differential gears play a key role in optimizing traction. In situations where one wheel encounters reduced traction, such as on slippery surfaces or during cornering, the differential allows the wheel with better traction to receive more power. This torque distribution helps maximize the vehicle’s ability to maintain forward motion and improves overall stability by minimizing wheel slip.

4. Improved Steering Response:

The differential gear contributes to improved steering response, which is essential for handling and stability. By allowing the wheels to rotate independently, the differential enhances the vehicle’s ability to respond to steering inputs. It enables precise and controlled turning, allowing the driver to navigate corners and curves with better accuracy and confidence.

5. Balanced Weight Distribution:

Proper weight distribution is critical for optimal handling and stability. The differential gear helps maintain balanced weight distribution among the wheels. During turns, the weight of the vehicle shifts towards the outside wheels. The differential allows the outer wheel to rotate faster, accommodating this weight transfer and promoting stability. By ensuring balanced weight distribution, the differential contributes to predictable and controlled handling.

6. Prevention of Wheel Hop:

Wheel hop, which refers to the rapid up-and-down movement of the wheels during acceleration or on uneven surfaces, can negatively impact stability and handling. The differential gear helps prevent wheel hop by allowing the wheels to rotate at different speeds. This flexibility in wheel rotation reduces the likelihood of wheel hop, improving stability and maintaining better traction on the road.

In summary, differential gears contribute significantly to handling and stability in vehicles. They enable independent wheel rotation, balance power distribution, optimize traction, improve steering response, maintain balanced weight distribution, and prevent wheel hop. By facilitating smooth and controlled handling, the differential gear enhances the overall stability and performance of vehicles.

China Professional High Precision Pinion Gear/Steering Gear/Planetary Gear/Differential Gear hypoid bevel gearChina Professional High Precision Pinion Gear/Steering Gear/Planetary Gear/Differential Gear hypoid bevel gear
editor by CX 2023-10-27